In his essay “The Death of the Author”, the Theorist Roland Barthes argued that writing many layers of association that can only be unified in the reader’s experience of the text. This meant that the author had no particular authority over the meaning of a book because anything she wrote existed in a web of connotations and cultural significance. To interpret a book or an artwork was therefore not to decode it, or to identify its definitive meaning, but to demonstrate how it functioned in this web of significance. Michel Foucault followed with his essay, “What is an Author”, which argued that an author is actually just an organizing principle that that allows up to group together a certain number of cultural objects.
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